Conference 2018 – Presentation Descriptions

ESC’s 2018 Conference Presentations



Breakout Session 1: 9:45AM-11AM

Name Sasha Naiman
Agency Ohio Justice  & Policy Center
Presentation Title Helping Survivors of Human Trafficking Address Barriers from Criminal Records
Presentation Description 1) Understand criminal records, background checks, and the barriers they create for employment, education, housing, and community reintegration. 2) Understand why human trafficking victims have criminal records and how survivors can reduce criminal-records barriers. 3) Understand laws, eligibility, applications, and impacts related to expungement, record sealing, Certificates of Qualification for Employment, pardons, and more.



Name Rick J. Lynn
Agency Kentucky Office of the Attorney General
Presentation Title Law Enforcement: Challenges in Human Trafficking Investigations
Presentation Description Learning Objectives:

This presentation will focus on how law enforcement conduct human trafficking investigations. Participants will learn about the following:

–          Challenges law enforcement may face initially starting an investigation

–          Considerations when interviewing victims and witnesses and the importance of a trauma-informed approach

–          The importance of collaboration with different law enforcement and victim services agencies


Name Ryan Hall from Lighthouse Youth Services, Aparna Thukral Kad from Asian Community Alliance, Angela Inglis from YWCA of Greater Cincinnati
Presentation Title Successes and Challenges in Engaging and Conducting Outreach to Vulnerable Populations
Presentation Description Learning Objectives:

Identify vulnerabilities to human trafficking and similar forms of abuse and exploitation. This panel will focus on vulnerabilities experienced by homeless and runaway youths and foreign nationals.

Identify barriers victims may experience to accessing services. The participants of this panel will share the challenges they most commonly see to accessing services for the populations they serve.

Discuss strategies for overcoming these barriers. The participants will also share strategies they have used for conducting outreach to the populations they serve and discuss the successes and challenges in implementing these strategies.


Breakout Session 2: 11:15AM-12:15PM

Name Sasha Naiman
Agency Ohio Justice  & Policy Center
Presentation Title Trauma-Informed Legal Practice: How lawyers and courts address trauma when working with survivors of human trafficking
Presentation Description 1) Understand how trauma and triggers impact the brains of human trafficking survivors — consequently impacting memory, actions, and communication. 2) Understand how attorneys, courts, and service providers work with survivors of human trafficking in a trauma-informed, gender-responsive way, create effective intakes and court processes, “reconstruct” clients’ memory, and build productive relationships. 3) Understand strategies for legal professionals to address vicarious or secondary trauma when working with survivors of human trafficking.



Name Samantha Searls
Agency Intercommunity Justice and Peace Center
Presentation Title How to Be a Good Ally: Practical Things You Can Do To Help End Trafficking
Presentation Description All of us carry a responsibility to do our part to end human trafficking. In this session, participants will:
1. Explore their Slavery Footprint to see how many modern day slaves are used to create the products we use in our everyday lives. Participants will learn what they can do as individuals to reduce their Slavery Footprint and how they can use existing tools to help identify and report incidents of trafficking.
2. Be able to articulate gaps in public policy and public resources in order to better inform elected officials and other policymakers of the needs of those working to end human trafficking.
3. Identify and connect with local organizations and agencies in need of donations, financial assistance and volunteers.
4. Create a plan of how they will continue to educate themselves and others on the issue of trafficking. 


Name Arren Mills
Agency U.S. Fulbright Scholar to the Philippines 2015-16
Presentation Title Assessing Human Trafficking Prevention Education
Presentation Description The SMASH (Starting Massive Action to Stop Human) Trafficking project is an effort to educate the youth in communities vulnerable to trafficking through the establishment of educational seminars and the building of local and national partnerships. The project is designed to provide high-level information to students through storytelling, interactive games, attractive visuals, and captivating videos without lacking the value of delivery.


Breakout Session 3: 1:15-2:15PM

Name Katie Kersh
Agency ABLE
Presentation Title Outreach to Migrant Workers
Presentation Description Identify challenges agricultural and migrant workers experience due to immigration status, work authorization, cultural differences, education or other barriers.

Recognize vulnerabilities agricultural and migrant workers may have in regards to labor exploitation and trafficking.

Discuss strategies for conducting direct outreach to this population.


Name Sophia Papadimos, Maria Busch
Agency Ohio Human Trafficking Task Force, Office of Criminal Justice Services, Ohio Department of Public Safety
Presentation Title Preventing and Responding to Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking: Enhancing the Statewide Response
Presentation Description In recent years, Ohio has responded to the crime of trafficking through substantive policy efforts and significant changes in law. Since 2012, the Governor’s Ohio Human Trafficking Task Force has partnered with victim service providers, law enforcement and advocates to help survivors, prosecute offenders and prevent the crime of trafficking from occurring in the first place. In this session, attendees will learn about the state’s comprehensive response to domestic minor sex trafficking and resources that will assist local efforts.


Identify vulnerabilities minors face to sex trafficking.

Identify common gaps and barriers to responding to the needs of domestic minor sex trafficking victims.

Discuss best practices for responding to the needs of domestic minor sex trafficking victims.

Share resources and tools developed to assist local efforts.


Name Kelly Bohnhoff, PhD, RN, MFT, CTP

Rosanne Hountz, MSN, MCJUS, DNP-Candidate

Agency Xavier University
Presentation Title Creating and Implementing a Forensic Nurse-Managed Volunteer Clinic for Victims of Human Sex Trafficking in an Inner City Setting: A Road Map for Success
Presentation Description Discuss the latest ideas and strategies for creating and implementing a forensic nurse-managed volunteer clinic for victims of human sex trafficking in an inner city setting.
Identify the types of professional volunteers, therapeutic approaches, and collaborative strategies that can best serve victims of human sex-trafficking in an inner city setting.
Explore the benefits, barriers, and sustainability of a forensic nurse-managed clinic for victims of human sex trafficking an inner city setting



Breakout Session 4: 2:30-3:30PM


Name Linda James, Christine Conrad
Agency FBI
Presentation Title FBI Victim Assistance Program and response to human trafficking
Presentation Description 1.       Introduction to the FBI Victim Assistance Program

2.       Explore FBI response to human trafficking.

3.       Explore barriers to working with victims of human trafficking and how community partnerships can help.



Name Dr. Jesse Bach
Agency Cleveland State University
Presentation Title The Forgotten Ones: Domestic Child Soldiers in the United States
Presentation Description The term child soldier conjures up images of a war-torn Sub-Saharan African child holding a battle-worn rifle, staring into the distance of an uncertain future. Their story is well known; a paramilitary organization entered an area and forcibly recruited children to engage in conflict—protecting arms, drugs, or “turf”. Through the marketing of the child soldier story and its emotional response, the international community has been moved to action through hosting awareness raising campaigns, generating mass donations for care, and establishing recovery and rehabilitation programs. There is no doubt that the international child soldier is viewed as a victim and is treated accordingly. But, what constitutes a child soldier and does national and international policy assign the label unfairly?
Many domestic (North American) child gang members meet the national and international definition of child soldier, having been forcibly recruited to engage in conflict. Domestic gang members, however, are generally viewed as perpetrators of crime whereas international child soldiers are almost exclusively seen as victims of crime. This presentation argues that issues of race, borders, poverty, ethnicity, agency, American superiority, and prison industry profit have intentionally co-opted the definition of child soldier away from domestic child gang members and that a reconceptualization is necessary in order to address the issue. 


Name Terri Vietor
Agency St. Elizabeth Healthcare
Presentation Title “Developing a Response to Human Trafficking in Healthcare Settings”
Presentation Description Learning Objectives:

Recognize barriers to victim identification in healthcare settings.

Discuss strategies for addressing these barriers.

Review St. Elizabeth’s Human Trafficking Response Protocol as a case study on developing a response protocol.


Keynote: 3:40-4:40PM

Name Vanessa Chauhan
Agency Polaris
Presentation Title Polaris: Using Data Driven Strategies to work towards Eradication of Human Trafficking
Presentation Description Polaris has identified or directly responded to over 35,000 cases of human trafficking in every single state in the country by operating the National Human Trafficking Hotline. In 2016 alone, we learned of over 7,600 cases of human trafficking across the US. No state or city is immune to this crime. With this information, Polaris is not only connecting survivors to vital services, it has also provided thousands of tips to law enforcement throughout the country. Polaris is also gaining a wealth of national data about where and how traffickers operate to understand national trends and patterns. Responding to human trafficking is not enough. We must shift the focus of the anti-slavery field towards working in partnership to formulate blueprints for network-based disruption that moves the needle towards the eradication of modern day slavery in our lifetimes. As such, Polaris recently developed and launched a typology of the 25 primary types of human trafficking that exist in the US. We mapped the business models, trafficker accounts, victim profiles, recruitment tactics, and methods of control, helping us and the field to develop critical insight into how each type operates. Now, with these data-driven insights, Polaris is partnering with jurisdictions around the country who are changing how they respond to these cases to elevate the real experiences of survivors, and advocate for a networked, organized crime approach that shuts down human trafficking enterprises at their root.


This presentation will focus on the strategic work that Polaris is doing both domestically through our Disruption initiative, our work with Canada and Mexico, and through the National Human Trafficking Hotline.



Opiod Overdose Prevention

Opioid Overdose Prevention:

Several agencies are working to combat opioid and heroin overdoses in the Greater Cincinnati area. At a time when the news is riddled with stories of people overdosing from these addictive drugs, combating overdoses and treating those suffering from substance abuse is critical. Survivors of trafficking may experience substance abuse, so understanding the resources in the community that address challenges, like overdoses, is critical to helping survivors. Here are resources and information about some of the ways overdoses are being combated on a local, state, and national level.

Center for Addictions Treatment (CAT) provides assessment and medical care to individuals experience addiction to drugs, alcohol or gambling. Physicians at CAT prescribe naloxone to patients with opioid dependence upon their discharge from their treatment facility. Naloxone Hydrochloride , commonly known by the brand name Narcan, is a non-habit-forming, prescription medication that, if administered in time, can reverse the effects of an opioid overdose. Prescribing naloxone to those experience substance abuse puts it into the hands of the people who are most at risk for overdose. They make sure patients are properly educated on the symptoms and signs of an overdose, as well as how to properly administer the drug and call 911 in the event of an overdose.

The Inject Hope Regional Collaborative brings together key community actors from all over Southwest Ohio, Northern Kentucky, and Southeast Indiana to address the heroine and opiate epidemic. They focus on prevention and public education efforts, increasing access to treatment services, reducing the number of fatal overdoses through harm reduction efforts, and controlling the supply. Their harm reduction efforts include supporting increased access to naloxone by law enforcement, and advocating for the purchase of naloxone over the counter.

On a state level, Governor Kasich signed Ohio House Bill 170 into law in 2014. House Bill 170 allows physicians to prescribe naloxone friends and family of those experiencing substance abuse, which places naloxone in the hands of the people most likely to be able to help in the event of an overdose. To learn more about House Bill 170, you can read the bill analysis by the Ohio Legislative Service Commission .

There is also significant work being done to combat opioid deaths on a national level. In July 2016, President Obama signed into law the Comprehensive Addiction Recovery Act (CARA) . CARA is the first major federal legislation related to addiction in 40 years. Under CARA, the federal government hopes to expand prevention and educational efforts, expand availability of naloxone to law enforcement officials and first responders, and launch evidence based opioid and heroin treatment.

All of these organizations or pieces of legislation are taking more steps to combat opioid and heroin overdoses than are listed here. There are various other groups and initiatives that also combat substance abuse throughout the community through treatment, education, and/or advocacy, including First Step Home, Chaney Allen, Sojourner, and many others. Everyone in the community can all take part in addressing this issue by helping to educate others and by supporting these organizations and efforts that exist to prevent substance abuse and to support those in recovery.

Author: Clare Schloemer, ESC Fellow

Date: March 13, 2017




Volunteer Spotlight – S. Marcel DeJonckheere

Volunteer Spotlight: S. Marcel DeJonckheere

End Slavery Cincinnati’s volunteers ensure that each week we are able to go out and make a difference in our community. We want to make sure our volunteers know how much they are appreciated, so we will be doing a few volunteer spotlights throughout this year. Our very first volunteer spotlight is S. Marcel DeJonckheere. From street outreach, to training, to countless efforts to coordinate donations – from fruit snacks to hand-knitted scarves, Marcel has proven time and time again how special she is as a volunteer and a supporter of End Slavery Cincinnati. We are thankful to have her as a part of our team, and want to share a little more about her with you

Q: Tell me a little about yourself (what is your profession and background?)

A: I have been a Sister of Charity for 56 years, serving as a dietitian, college professor, and elementary school teacher. Presently, I am on the admissions team at DePaul Cristo Rey High School.

Q: Why did you decide to be a volunteer at End Slavery Cincinnati?

A: The day after hearing that the average age of young girls being trafficked was between 11 and 13, I received a call from my 12 year old great niece, Emma, telling me that her team had won their soccer game. I thought to myself, “That’s what 12 year olds should be doing!” I knew I had to get involved.

Q: What inspires you as a volunteer?

A: What inspires me as a volunteer is the opportunity to offer compassion and hope to women. My message is “You matter; we care; and there is help.” We don’t get to see happy endings, but the gratitude and smiles are priceless. I am also inspired by the dedication of the ESC staff.

Q: Do you have any advice for someone who is considering becoming a volunteer?

A: My advice to prospective volunteers is if you feel drawn to this but are hesitant because you aren’t sure you could do it; sign up for the 2 hour training session. It’s very good and will prepare you. You will always be with an experienced group when doing outreach. We’d be glad to have you!

To learn more about End Slavery Cincinnati volunteer opportunities, please click here.

January 18, 2017

Author: Emily Wright, MSW Fellow


2017 ESC Conference Program Descriptions

ESC’s 2017 Anti-Human Trafficking Conference: Presentation Descriptions


“Latinos in Our Community” by Julia Figuroa-Gardner, Coordinator, Alliance for Immigrant Women

The Latino community has unique needs, experiences and vulnerabilities related to human trafficking. The Latino community is one of the fastest growing minority groups in the United States, but this community also overrepresented as victims of crime. Many in the Latino community are hesitant to report crimes they have experienced due to the fear that law enforcement would ask about their immigration status. After experiencing a crime, survivors are often in need of medical, financial, and mental health assistance to recover, but many in the Latino community are unaware or unable to access these resources. These factors and many others, including language barriers, poverty, and lack of knowledge of their rights under the law, create vulnerabilities to human trafficking and exploitation. By understanding how the Latinos experience these vulnerabilities through the lens of their culture, services providers and law enforcement can better serve and respond to Latino victims of crime, including victims of human trafficking. This presentation will offer strategies to better understanding the experiences of Latinos in our community as well as strategies for helping Latinos overcome barriers to accessing service.

“Victim Mindset: Why Does She Stay?” by MaryAnn O’Malloy, Clinical Director, First Step Home

When interacting with and providing assistance to potential trafficking victims, it is important to understand their mindset so professionals and community members can better help trafficked individuals connected to the appropriate services. Victims face many barriers to leaving a trafficking situation, and these barriers include physical and mental abuse, threats of harm, lack of resources, and fear or distrust of authority figures. In addition to these barriers, many victims may feel shame, self-blame, have feelings of loyalty to their trafficker, and may not self-identify as victims. This presentation will offer participants insights into the experiences of victims and offer strategies for how to address and overcome these barriers to help victims access services.

“Transforming Lives: Working With NGOs” by Ratee Apana, Associate Professor Educator & UC Forward Fellow, University of Cincinnati

This presentation will focus on how to bridge the work of NGOs in India and the United States that work with trafficked individuals. Human trafficking is a $150 billion global criminal industry that is estimated to affect over 20.9 million people around the world. When people think of human trafficking, they may focus their attention to how this issue affects developing countries around the world without understanding how it affects their own communities. Apana will discuss how to study the interplay of the environment and globalization in the context of human trafficking. Apana has lead study abroad courses at the University of Cincinnati to offer students an opportunity to learn firsthand from social entrepreneurs in Ohio and India who are engaged in the rescue and rehabilitation of trafficked victims. Apana will share best practices not only about how NGOs she has worked with in India and Ohio work with survivors but also about how to engage students and youth on the issue of human trafficking.


Option 1: Lunch

Option 2: Special Optional Lunch Session – Coming Home from the Streets: Stories from the Trafficked & Community Policing

The documentary Coming Home from the Streets tells the compelling story of women struggling to leave the world of prostitution and trafficking and the people working to help them reclaim their lives. Trapped by childhood demons, drug addiction and traffickers, the women recount their path to the streets. By exploring this dark world where bodies are sold, the film is a useful tool for organizations to sensitize audiences unaware of what is happening in their community, to garner support for agencies working in this field, and to highlight the importance of the latest developments in community policing.
In addition to screening the film and hearing from the film maker, Noel Julnes-Dehner, participants will also hear from the community liaison officers from the film, Officers Angela Vance and Lisa Johnson. Participants will learn about LGBTQ issues and the highly effective method of law enforcement (and “change court”) that focuses on building ties with people stuck in prostitution and trafficking, and that works with communities.


“Working with Asian American Communities” by Kathy Chen, Executive Director
Asian American Community Services

This presentation will offer best practices for providing culturally and linguistically appropriate services to Asian American victims and survivors of human trafficking. Asian American communities may face many vulnerabilities to human trafficking, including language barriers, poverty, lack of knowledge of their rights and resources in the community, as well as migration, displacement, and conflict from their home countries. These vulnerabilities and others play a role in how Asian Americans and Asian immigrants are recruited into human trafficking in massage parlors, restaurants, factories, and other low-wage, unregulated industries that rely heavily on undocumented labor. Additionally, Asian Americans victims may face significant obstacles to accessing services, including immigration assistance, mental health services, and medical care. There are gaps in understanding how culture affects the mental health, treatment and service needs of Asian Americans, and by learning about Asian American cultural norms and nuances, services providers, law enforcement, and other professionals can more effectively connect with and provide services to Asian Americans who have experienced trafficking and exploitation.

“Victimology of Human Trafficking” by Amy S. Allen, Forensic Interview Specialist, ICE Homeland Security Investigations

Let’s face it–the victim that doesn’t not want to be rescued can be a very frustrating part of our job. Law enforcement represents saving lives and rescuing victims and it doesn’t always work this easily. This workshop will focus on the dynamics and hurdles faced when investigating a case with what appears to be a compliant victim that maybe isn’t so happy to see us on an enforcement action or involved in their lives. Specific case examples from human trafficking cases and effective resolution considerations will be given to participants along with some victimology explanations of why this victim makes us work harder for a successful outcome.

  • Learning Objective #1: The participant will understand some of the psychological coping strategies utilized by human trafficking victims
  • Learning Objective #2: the participant will hear actual accounts of cases where explanations were given as to why HT victims were compliant
  • Learning Objective #3: the participant will be given actual resolution tools to use when working with an HT victim

“Building a Village: Ending Human Trafficking” by Debra Seltzer, Program Administrator, Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence Prevention Program, Ohio Department of Health

Outreach to youth and the community usually involves general awareness raising, identification and assistance for those at-risk for or experiencing human trafficking, and prevention information. This workshop will focus on how we can apply the lessons learned in other violence prevention efforts to the primary prevention of human trafficking. Topics addressed will include the public health approach and application of addressing risk and protective factors, social norms change, skill building for prevention, and policy approaches for a systems response to primary prevention.

After completion of this course, participants will be able to:

  • Explain the public health model and its application to prevention of human trafficking
  • Identify lessons learned from other violence prevention models
  • Incorporate new prevention strategies into awareness and education programming


“Providing Culturally Competent Services to LGBTQ Youth” by Melissa Meyer, Safe and Supported Director, Lighthouse Youth Services

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer/Questioning (LGBTQ) youth have unique needs, experiences and vulnerabilities related to human trafficking. LGBTQ youth experiencing homelessness are far more vulnerable to human trafficking than other youth experiencing homelessness. In fact, they’re 3-7x more likely to engage in survival sex to gain access to shelter, food or meet other basic needs. LGBTQ youth are often difficult to engage in prevention and intervention efforts because they are often unaware such programs exist or believe they will be mistreated because of their gender identity or sexual orientation. One step in responding to the needs of LGBTQ youth is to ensure that professionals develop the necessary cultural and linguistic competencies required to create safe and affirming spaces. This workshop will focus on basic terminology related to LGBTQ identities and strategies for creating inclusive spaces and culturally responsive care.

Professionals will be able to:

  • Understand basic terminology related to LGBTQ identities.
  • Practice essential linguistic competencies related to LGBTQ identities.
  • Identify strategies for creating inclusive spaces and culturally responsive care for LGBTQ youth.

“Human Trafficking, a Worldwide Problem in our Backyard ” by Representatives of U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Homeland Security Investigations

This presentation will describe the differences of Human Trafficking vs Human Smuggling, methods and indicators of human trafficking, along with the importance a collaborative effort between NGO’s and law enforcement. The presentation will stress the importance of building trust, providing assistance, and approaching investigations as being victim centered. A case study will be presented on a recent case which happened in Detroit, MI.

“How You Can Get Involved: Local Efforts and Advocacy” – Panel discussion with Isaac Wright, Lisa Ramstetter, and Alan Dicken

Isaac Wright is the Assistant Director of Sheakley Center for Youth, Lighthouse Youth Services. Wright will share information about the vulnerabilities to abuse and exploitation homeless and runaway youth experience. Lisa Ramstetter is the Human Trafficking Advocate in Covington from Catholic Charities of Louisville. Ramstetter will share information about her education and outreach efforts targeted to reaching foreign national victims in Northern Kentucky. Alan Dicken is the Senior Pastor at Carthage Christian Church. Dicken will share information about how communities can come together to address the issue of human trafficking. Each panelist will share about how they were drawn to work on issues of human trafficking, exploitation and abuse and how community members can get involved locally and in their day to day lives.


Keynote Address – “Human Trafficking: A Frog in a Well” by Harold D’Souza

Harold D’Souza is a survivor of labor trafficking and debt bondage. D’Souza pursued the American Dream and came to the U.S. on the advice and support of the man who would become his trafficker, encouraging him and reassuring him the American Dream was well within reach. For 133 months D’Souza and his family were exploited at the hands of a trafficker, struggling to be free and to keep his family safe. Today, D’Souza is a Survivor, Advocate and Public Speaker. In this keynote address, D’Souza will share about his experiences to help participants gain a better understanding of barriers individuals face to leaving a trafficking situation. D’Souza will also discuss the work he is currently doing on the United States Advisory Council on Human Trafficking and as Co-Founder of Eyes Open International. D’Souza will share strategies he found to be effective in reaching trafficked individuals and how service providers, law enforcement and other professionals can all play a role in addressing human trafficking and supporting survivors.


Barriers to Employment for Human Trafficking Survivors

Barriers to Employment for Human Trafficking Survivors

After leaving a trafficking situation, there are a multitude of considerations for “next steps” to be made—short-term, long-term, physical, psychological, emotional, and more. For some, economic opportunities, whether through employment or other income sources, are prioritized after exiting a trafficking situation.(1) While the desire for economic opportunities may be present, obtaining employment is not an easy task, and survivors of human trafficking often face unique barriers in the process. These are some of the barriers survivors may face to securing employment:

  • A criminal record: In trafficking situations, individuals may be made to commit illegal acts, often related to drugs, theft, or prostitution, which result in criminal records.(2) This can pose a challenge in applying for or securing employment.
  • Educational and skill barriers: In addition to the possibility of a criminal record, survivors may lack the educational levels or skill requirements for job openings..A survivor may have been trafficked at a young age and perhaps never finished school. While in a trafficking situation, a survivor may have never had the opportunity to develop the skills needed for securing and maintaining stable employment
  • Immigration status: While any survivor may face unique barriers to employment, foreign-born survivors may encounter additional barriers to employment. There may be a lack of work authorization, identification, or legal documentation, which can be crucial in applying for and securing a job.
  • Transportation barriers: Public transportation systems can be inaccessible to those in rural sittings, overwhelming to whose without experience using public transportation, or unaffordable to those without employment. Lack of reliable transportation can then create a barrier to obtaining and maintaining employment. .
  • Language barriers: Furthermore, there are often language barriers that foreign-born survivors experience in interactions with others that can prevent them from securing employment.(3)

It is clear that survivors of human trafficking face unique barriers to gaining employment, from language to records to incompatible skills, and would benefit from services related to employment.

Author: Erin King, BSW Intern

Date: 11/16/16

1 Office for Victims of Crime Training and Technical Assistance Center. (2016). Retrieved from
2 Ohio Justice and Policy Center. (2016). Retrieved from
3 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services,
Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation.(n.d.).Retrieved from



Intersections of Human Trafficking and Domestic Violence

October is domestic violence awareness month, which makes it is a great time for us to take a look into how domestic violence and human trafficking intersect. Domestic violence is defined by the U.S. Department of Justice as a pattern of abuse in a relationship by one partner to gain and maintain power and control over the other intimate partner (2016). This pattern of power and control is common in human trafficking. Out 785 women from all over the world, 89% said they would leave prostitution if they felt they were able to, and 71% report being physically assaulted (Farley et al., 2004).

Over a hundred men who purchase sex were interviewed, and over a quarter of them described the relationship between the victim and the pimp as exploitative and harmful (Durchslag & Goswami, 2008). Many survivors have experienced both domestic violence and human trafficking in their lifetime. It is not uncommon for domestic violence and human trafficking to occur at the same time. Traffickers and intimate-partner abusers can be one in the same, and they can both be characterized by patterns of control, intimidation, isolation, and exploitation.

One example of this would be falling in love, getting married, agreeing to move to the United States, but arriving to a hostile environment and a husband who forces you to pay off the cost of your travel at his cousin’s brothel. Another example is dating a friend from your neighborhood, having a child with him, but soon after he suddenly becomes abusive and convinces you the only way to support your family is to engage in commercial sex. In some cases, traffickers target women who have a history of domestic violence. There have been situations where an individual is able to leave an abusive spouse and then is recruited by a trafficker to come to the United States with the promise of a better life and stable job, and the situation becomes exploitative with no pay or no breaks. All of these examples prove the importance of being aware that human trafficking can occur in intimate-partner relationships.

Author: Emily Wright, MSW Fellow & Bhumika Patel, Regional Coalition Specialist


Durchslag, R., & Goswami, S. (2008). Deconstructing the demand for prostitution: Preliminary
insights from interviews with Chicago men who purchase sex. Retrieved from:

Farley, M., Cotton, A., Lynne, J., Zumbeck, S., Spiwak, F., Reyes, M., Alvalez, D., & Sezgin, U.
(2004). Prostitution and trafficking in nine countries. Journal of Trauma Practice, 2(4), 33-74.

U.S. Department of Justice. (2016). Domestic violence. Retrieved from


Activist Spotlight: Jessy Lyons

The YWCA of Greater Cincinnati is one of ESC’s oldest partners on the issue of human trafficking. Julie Goetz, an MSW Fellow with End Slavery Cincinnati, was able to interview Jessy Lyons for Domestic Violence Awareness Month.

Jessy Lyons, Director of Crisis Intervention and Housing at the YWCA Greater Cincinnati, is one of our partners on the issue of human trafficking. She holds a Master of Arts in Gender Studies from the University of Louisville. Jessy specializes in bridging theory to practice in intimate partner violence prevention and service provision and is passionate about high-impact services for those most at risk. Prior to joining the YWCA, Jessy was Associate Director of Green Dot, etc., a national violence prevention organization focused on bystander intervention strategies.

Q: What led you to this line of work?
A: Initially, I got into anti-violence work because of my commitment to justice. I stayed in this work because along the way I learned that so many people I love have been affected by violence and I cannot let this epidemic continue.

Q: In what ways do domestic violence and human trafficking intersect?
A: It is not uncommon for someone who is abusive to traffic their partner as one form of power and control in the relationship. We also know many people initially enter relationships with their traffickers with the belief that the relationship is romantic and mutual, only to later discover that the trafficker initiated the relationship in order to traffic the other person. Further, domestic violence is one of the most significant risk factors for homelessness for women and sometimes homeless women engage in survival sex which creates a risk for trafficking.

Q: What are some of the common strengths you see in the population you assist?
Our clients are survivors. They are incredibly brave. Leaving an abusive relationship takes a tremendous amount of courage.
A: What is one thing you want everyone to know about domestic violence?
It is 100% preventable.

To learn more about the YWCA of Greater Cincinnati, please visit their website here:

Author: Julie Goetz, MSW Fellow


ESC 2016 Conference Program Descriptions!

Our Annual Conference is rapidly approaching!  Below is more detailed information about the various workshops.

For more information on how to register, please click here.

Presentation Descriptions

Breakout Session 1: 9:50-10:50AM

Human Trafficking 101
Speaker: Lisa Ramstetter, Human Trafficking Case Manager, Catholic Charities Diocese of Covington
This presentation will offer a brief overview of what human trafficking is, how to identify human trafficking, and victim mindset and the needs of victims. It will also go over federal legislation as well as Ohio and Kentucky laws regarding human trafficking. There will also be a discussion of services provided for victims in the Southwest Ohio and Northern Kentucky areas.

Addressing Legal Barriers a Victim/Survivor of Human Trafficking Might Face
Speakers: Sasha Appatova, Ohio Justice and Policy Center ; Kimberly Jordan, Ohio State University ; Emily Dunlap, Advocating Opportunity
This panel will describe the different legal barriers a victim/survivor might face as they leave the trafficking situation. Kimberly Jordan and Emily Dunlap will share the work they have done with the human trafficking juvenile and adult specialty dockets in Franklin County. Sasha Appatova will share the work she has done regarding helping individuals get their records expunged through her work at the Ohio Justice and Policy Center.

Human Trafficking and Homeless Youth Victimization
Speaker: Isaac Wright, Youth Outreach Manager, and John Keuffer, Director, Lighthouse Youth Services
This presentation will address the topic of sexual exploitation and homeless LGBTQ youth and what Lighthouse’s Youth Outreach Program is doing to address this serious issue. Moreover, there will be discussion surrounding the experiences of homeless youth and participants will learn what a day in their lives looks like. The partnerships that Lighthouse Youth Services has created with other organizations in addressing youth homelessness will be highlighted. At the conclusion of the presentation, participants will understand the impact of sexual exploitation on vulnerable homeless youth especially those identifying as LGBTQ, be able to utilize engagement tools as well as understand the ground work necessary to develop partnerships in addressing youth homelessness and victimizations.

Breakout Session 2: 11AM-12PM

Combating Human Trafficking in Ohio
Speaker: Elizabeth Ranade Janis, State Human Trafficking Coordinator
In recent years, Ohio has responded to the crime of trafficking through substantive policy efforts and significant changes in law. Since 2012, the Governor’s Ohio Human Trafficking Task Force has partnered with victim service providers, law enforcement and advocates to help survivors, prosecute offenders and prevent the crime of trafficking from occurring in the first place. In this session, attendees will learn about the state’s comprehensive response to trafficking and resources that will assist local efforts.

Labor Trafficking and Immigration Law
Speakers: Jessica Ramos, Attorney, Migrant Farmworker and Immigration Program, and Kathleen Kersh, Attorney, Advocates for Basic Legal Equality
This presentation will offer an overview of the vulnerabilities of foreign nationals to labor exploitation and labor trafficking. Traffickers take advantage of the unique vulnerabilities that foreign nationals experience, such as language barriers, lack of access to resources, and discrimination to coerce and exploit individuals into labor trafficking situations. Traffickers often subject victims to unsafe working conditions and poor living conditions. This presentation will discuss some of the work being done through Advocates for Basic Legal Equality to do outreach to vulnerable farmworker populations as well as immigration remedies for victims when they are identified.

Mental Health Considerations
Speaker: Sarah Belew, Psy.D Talbert House
Victims and survivors of human trafficking experience unique forms of psychological and emotional abuse. It is imperative that service providers as well as other professionals who may come into contact with victims and survivors of human trafficking understand trauma and how trauma affects their response to services and the criminal justice process. This presentation will offer best practices for avoiding re-traumatization, increasing safety, and making interactions with victims beneficial.

Breakout Session 3: 1-2:10PM

Education Youth about Human Trafficking
Speaker: Tony Talbott, University of Dayton , Abolition Ohio
In this presentation, Talbott will introduce audience members a variety of resources and guidelines for educating youth about human trafficking. Information will include educational materials, how to teach sensitive topics, community readiness and preparation, assessment, and other considerations that need to be handled prior to beginning youth education. Education for both general student populations and at risk youth will be discussed.

The Law Enforcement Perspective
Speakers: Nichole Dathorne, FBI Victim Specialist, Detective Brian Wright, Lousiville Metropolitan PD, Crime Against Children Unit and FBI Child Exploitation Task Force, and Nate Young, CPD Vice Unit
A single agency or organization cannot comprehensively respond to human trafficking. Traffickers can be individuals or complex criminal organizations, and victims come from diverse backgrounds and have a variety of needs. A multidisciplinary and collaborative approach is need to effectively respond to human trafficking. Nichole Dathorne and Brian Wright, members of the FBI, investigate cases through the Louisville Human Trafficking Task Force, and Nate Young, a member of the Cincinnati Police Department, investigates cases through the Cincinnati Human Trafficking Task Force. They will offer their perspective on investigating cases, the unique experiences of each task force, as well as how the task forces have worked together.

Developing Your Own Curriculum: Addressing Intersection of Substance Abuse and Sex Trafficking
Speakers: MaryAnn O’Malloy, Clinical Director, and Nikki Litvak, Outpatient, First Step Home
MaryAnn O’Malloy and Nikki Litvak will discuss the development of the group therapy curriculum used at First Step Home when working with those in substance use treatment who have a possible history of sex trafficking. Many of the clients they work with suffer from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and/or have histories of neglect and abuse. In addition to PTDS, they may also suffer from a variety of mood and anxiety disorders, including panic attacks, major depressive disorder, or generalized anxiety disorder. Substance-abuse disorders are often found co-mordid in victims of human trafficking. O’Malloy and Litvak will discuss evidence-based best practices and offer advice for developing appropriate treatment for those who with a history of commercial sexual exploitation.

Breakout Session 4: 2:20-3:30PM

“What Can You Do?” A Panel about How to Fight Human Trafficking as a Community Member
Speakers: Reegan Hill, Owner, It’s Only Fair, Co-Director, NKY PATHways; Ettore Ciampa, Co-Director, Central Ohio Rescue and Restore Coalition (CORRC) Public Awareness Committee, Rosanne Hountz, ESC Volunteer, UC Medical Center
Reegan Hill is the owner of the Fair Trade Business, It’s Only Fair, and a leader of NKYPATHways, the anti-human trafficking coalition for the Northern Kentucky area. Ettore Ciampa is a member of Central Ohio Rescue and Restore Coalition and the lead coordinator of the Fit For Freedom 5K. Rosanne Hountz is a volunteer of End Slavery Cincinnati, currently works at University of Cincinnati Medical Center and has been a nurse for the past 20 years. They will discuss different strategies for engaging the community on the issue of human trafficking.

CHANGE Court: A Panel about the Human Trafficking Specialty Docket in Hamilton County
Speakers: Judge Heather Russell, Hamilton County Municipal Court Judge; Mary Carol Melton, Executive VP, Cincinnati Union Bethel; Major Charmaine McGuffey, Major of Court and Jail Services, Hamilton County Sheriffs Office; Nate Young, CPD Vice Unit
Key leaders in the development of the CHANGE Court Specialty docket of Hamilton County will discuss the techniques they have utilized and the challenges they faced in the development of this docket. Coordinating treatment plans for victims of human trafficking may be outside of traditional criminal justice protocols or victim service programs. The response developed through CHANGE Court is victim-centered and focused on empowerment.

The Pop-up: A Lower cost and more mobile alternative to dedicated care facilities
Speaker: Jesse Bach, Ph.D, Founder & Executive Director, The Imagine Foundation
Over the past year, The Imagine Foundation of Cleveland, Ohio has been developing a unique facility and programming model taken from small, start-up businesses—the pop-up. This temporary and highly mobile model enables a low-cost alternative to high-cost infrastructure by utilizing existing, underused facilities, a professionally trained volunteer base, and a network of partnered organizations. The Cleveland Pop-up is part of a prevention and recidivism reduction model that aims to implement career services to those involved within human trafficking (both potential perpetrators and victim/survivors) in the belief that access to the formal economy through employment can help alleviate some of the contributing factors which lead to exploitation. During the intensive, one-day program, career services are located in close proximity to high-risk areas including hotels/motels, areas known to be conducive to prostitution, and halfway houses or prisons.


Call for Presenters – Conference 2016

The 2016 Greater Cincinnati Human Trafficking Conference is coming February 5th or 12th, and ESC is looking for diverse, skilled, and experienced presenters to participate. Through this conference we hope to increase the understanding of human trafficking in our community and increase our community’s capacity to respond to the needs of survivors, improve investigative techniques, and impact demand.

Since 2007, End Slavery Cincinnati is presenting this conference to inform the community on the issue of human trafficking. This interdisciplinary conference will cover a variety of topics related to human trafficking that will be relevant to social service providers, lawyers, law enforcement, healthcare professionals, and other key community actors. Registration for the conference will open in November, and the registration fee will cover the costs of food, continuing education units, printing, and other associated costs.

Submission Procedure
If you are interested in presenting, please send an email to the Regional Coalition Specialist, Bhumika Patel, at, and include the following:

  • Title of the presentation
  • The name, title, company or organization, address, telephone, and e-mail addresses of all presenters.
  • A 75-150 word description of your presentation.
    • Summarize course objectives, learning outcomes and specific skills attendees can expect to gain from your presentation.
  • 1 page professional biography/resume for each presenter.

Submissions are due no later than October 19th by 9AM to

Please do not hesitate to share this call with others in your community or network who you believe may be interested.

We look forward to seeing you all there!

Thank you,

Erin Meyer
Coalition Manager, End Slavery Cincinnati
Anti-Human Trafficking Coordinator, The Salvation Army


Justice for Victims of Human Trafficking Act 2015

This bill was enacted “(t)o provide justice for victims of trafficking.” It does this in a variety of provisions including expanding victim protections and services, developing training, increasing the capacity to detect, investigate, and prosecute human traffickers, changing laws/codes and acts, increasing funding and providing interagency and public reporting. The following is a highlight of some aspects of the bill, but by no means comprehensive. To check out the bill in its entirety or a summary you can visit here.

In providing justice for victims, this bill increases awareness and efficacy through training of law enforcement, task forces, judicial bodies, prosecutorial offices, and others whose jobs are related to human trafficking. Additionally the authority of the Department of Justice (DOJ) is increased with regard to investigate involuntary servitude, trafficking, forced labor, or peonage offenses. Furthermore, the DOJ is required to ensure those working within the Innocence Lost National Initiative (task forces and working groups) increase capabilities of law enforcement officers (state and local) and appropriate components/task forces “with jurisdictions” to detect, investigate, and prosecute “persons who patronize or solicit children for sex”. Training also extends to health care professionals which includes how to best respond and recognize victims of severe trafficking, how do these practices efficiently apply to health care positions, and how effective are these practices in recognizing and responding to victims of trafficking. Additionally the Department of Homeland Security must implement a program that includes training and procedures for those in the Transportation Security Administration and the U.S. Customs and Border Protection, which includes regular updates on current information on human trafficking.

The bill offers acts such as the Combat Human Trafficking Act of 2015 and the Bringing Missing Children Home Act. These acts include the requirements for training and updated information to better ascertain/detect, investigate, and prosecute offenders. They also provide services for victims of trafficking. The Combat Human Trafficking Act of 2015 guarantees technical training for anti-human trafficking programs under the DOJ guarantee the investigation and prosecution of buyers of commercial sex acts involving victims of trafficking in severe forms. Furthermore this act facilitates services (mental and physical) for trafficking victims. The Bringing Missing Children Home Act amends the Crime Control Act of 1990 and sets forth the following requirements; a recent photograph for missing children for state reports, records of the computer networks of the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) computer and the state law enforcement system to be updated and verified in 30 days, additional information about missing persons updated in the NCIC, and missing from child care institution or foster homes are reported to the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children.
Other provisions of the law redefine offenders, crimes, and the aftermath. For example the bill sets forth that people who produce child pornography are classified as “traffickers engaged in illicit sexual conduct”. Furthermore the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990 was amended and the definition of “child abuse” now includes “human trafficking and the production of child pornography”. Also, the bill clarifies any confusion within the justice system with regard to offenses involving sex trafficking, stating that traffickers and buyers are “equally culpable”. In addition, increases in the burden of evidence on the defense changes from “preponderance of evidence” to “clear and convincing evidence” The statute of limitations for the trafficking of children was amended to include “10 years after the victim reaches 18 years of age, if the victim was a minor at the time of the alleged offense.” The Stop Advertising Victims Exploitation Act of 2015/ SAVE Act of 2015 amended the federal criminal code to prohibit the following; “knowingly: (1) advertising commercial sex acts involving a minor or an individual engaged in such an act through force, fraud, or coercion; or (2) benefitting financially or otherwise from such advertising knowing that the individual involved was a minor or victim of force, fraud, or coercion.”

Through the Human Exploitation Rescue Operations Act of 2015 (HERO), the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended, setting forth that a Cyber Crimes Center is operated by the Department of Homeland Security (within I.C.E., U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement), and supports investigations of cyber-related crimes by ICE internationally and domestically through training, equipment, and investigative aid. Also, a Child Exploitation Investigation Unit (CEIU), Computer Forensics Unit (CFU), and a Cyber Crimes Unit (CCU) will be operated by the DHS. Moreover, this act sets forth suggestions for those who should be hired (HERO Child Rescue Corps affiliated wounded or injured veterans) for positions and an amendment to the federal criminal code of sentencing and/or fines for the transportation of a person intended for prostitution or “any criminal sexual activity”.

The justice for victims provides services and rights for victims. For example, non-indigent traffickers convicted of human trafficking related offenses pay $5,000 which goes to the Domestic Trafficking Victims’ Fund. Additionally personal and real property that were involved in the commission (or intended) of crimes of human trafficking is available for forfeiture, and subsequently restitution. Among other funding opportunities:
(t)he Attorney General may award block grants to an eligible entity to develop, improve, or expand domestic child human trafficking deterrence programs that assist law enforcement officers, prosecutors, judicial officials, and qualified victims’ services organizations in collaborating to rescue and restore the lives of victims, while investigating and prosecuting offenses involving child human trafficking.

In addition guidelines to receive services have been changed. For example homeless and runaway youth can be awarded grant services even if not victims of sex or sever forms of trafficking. Additionally, through the grant program for assistance the DOJ can offer housing to trafficking victims in the U.S. and other countries. The bill also changes the TVPA 2000 to allow for benefits and services to U.S. citizens and permanent residents even before certification of victim by Dept. of HHS. It even is mandatory that the Office of Juvenile justice and Delinquency Prevention website (through DOJ) provide a database of wide ranging services for trafficking survivors. In addition, victim information rights during prosecutions of traffickers and the of services, rights, and contacts is expanded. In order to develop a better response for victims of child sex trafficking, the bill amends the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act to require a state plan for its child protective services system.

The Survivors of Human Trafficking Empowerment Act creates a council of trafficking survivors who will provide recommendations and advice to Senior Policy Operating Group and the President’s Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking. The Human Trafficking Survivors Relief and Empowerment Act, which sets up additional criteria for granting preferential consideration of grant application under the public safety and community-oriented policing grant programs, provides a process for any human trafficking survivor to vacate any arrest or conviction records for a non-violent offense committed as result of trafficking including prostitution or lewdness. This also includes rebuttable presumption that any arrest or conviction of an individual for an offense associated with trafficking is a result of being trafficked.

Funding throughout the bill is allocated for many human trafficking services and responses. One example is in response to the finding that less than 5% of rape crimes come out with an conviction, the JVTA increases grant funding for specific states that meet guidelines. The JVTA hopes to decrease the continued interaction of the child with the rapist; and also eliminate the threat of the rapist to pursue parental rights as a means to control the child and avoid prosecution.

The bill sets for provisions to report on the efficacy and necessity of different parts of the bill, the efficacy to combat human trafficking nationally of state and federal law enforcement agencies (GAO reporting), and grant programs that assist victims of and combat human trafficking. It also sets for reporting of human trafficking within agencies and to the public.

Author: Katie McDonald and Tori Calderhead
July 14, 2015